ASTM A213 Boiler steel pipe Comprehensive Overview and Applications

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ASTM A213 T1, T2, T5, T9, T11, T12, T22, T91, T92: Comprehensive Overview and Applications

Introduction:

The ASTM A213 specification covers seamless ferritic and austenitic alloy-steel boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger tubes. Within this specification, several grades are defined, including T1, T2, T5, T9, T11, T12, T22, T91, and T92. Each grade has unique characteristics and is designed for specific applications in high-temperature service environments. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive overview of these grades and their applications.

  1. ASTM A213 T1:
    ASTM A213 T1 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade, containing chromium and molybdenum. It offers excellent strength, corrosion resistance, and high-temperature properties. T1 tubes are commonly used in power generation plants, petrochemical refineries, and other industries requiring high-temperature service.
  2. ASTM A213 T2:
    ASTM A213 T2 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade with a small amount of tungsten. T2 tubes exhibit excellent corrosion resistance and high-temperature strength. They are commonly employed in power plants, chemical plants, and oil refineries.
  3. ASTM A213 T5:
    ASTM A213 T5 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade with the addition of chromium and molybdenum. T5 tubes offer good oxidation resistance and excellent strength at elevated temperatures. They find applications in power plants, petroleum refineries, and other high-temperature environments.
  4. ASTM A213 T9:
    ASTM A213 T9 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade with the addition of chromium and molybdenum. T9 tubes provide superior resistance to oxidation and high-temperature strength. They are widely used in power generation, chemical plants, and oil and gas refineries.
  5. ASTM A213 T11:
    ASTM A213 T11 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade containing chromium and molybdenum. T11 tubes exhibit excellent creep and rupture strength at high temperatures. They are commonly utilized in boiler and heat exchanger applications.
  6. ASTM A213 T12:
    ASTM A213 T12 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade with the addition of chromium and molybdenum. T12 tubes offer good resistance to oxidation and high-temperature strength. They are extensively employed in power plants, refineries, and other industrial settings.
  7. ASTM A213 T22:
    ASTM A213 T22 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade containing chromium and molybdenum. T22 tubes exhibit excellent corrosion resistance and high-temperature strength. They are widely utilized in power plant superheaters, heat exchangers, and other high-temperature applications.
  8. ASTM A213 T91:
    ASTM A213 T91 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade with the addition of chromium, molybdenum, and nitrogen. T91 tubes provide excellent creep and rupture strength at elevated temperatures. They are frequently employed in high-temperature power plant applications.
  9. ASTM A213 T92:
    ASTM A213 T92 is a seamless ferritic alloy steel grade containing chromium, molybdenum, and vanadium. T92 tubes offer exceptional creep and rupture strength, as well as excellent oxidation and corrosion resistance. They are commonly utilized in advanced power plants, where high temperatures and pressures are encountered.

Conclusion:
The ASTM A213 specification defines a range of seamless ferritic and austenitic alloy-steel tubes for high-temperature service. The grades covered by this specification, including T1, T2, T5, T9, T11, T12, T22, T91, and T92, provide specific characteristics tailored for various industrial applications. Understanding the properties and applications of these grades is essential for selecting the appropriate material to ensure optimal performance and durability in high-temperature environments.

 

ASTM A213M-09 Material Comparison Tables (ASTM →KS, JIS, DIN, BS, NBN, NF, UNI)

Grade UNS Designation C Mn P S Si
T2 K11547 0.10–0.20 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025B 0.10–0.30
T5 K41545 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5
T5b K51545 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 1.00–2.00
T5c K41245 0.12 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5
T9 K90941 0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.25–1.00
T11 K11597 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.50–1.00
T12 K11562 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025B 0.5
T17 K12047 0.15–0.25 0.30–0.61 0.025 0.025 0.15–0.35
T21 K31545 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.50–1.00
T22 K21590 0.05–0.15 0.30–0.60 0.025 0.025 0.5
T23 K40712 0.04–0.10 0.10–0.60 0.03 0.01 0.5
T24 K30736 0.05–0.10 0.30–0.70 0.02 0.01 0.15–0.45
T36 K21001 0.10–0.17 0.80–1.20 0.03 0.025 0.25–0.50
T91 K90901 0.07–0.14 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.20–0.50
T92 K92460 0.07–0.13 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.5
T122 K91271 0.07–0.14 0.7 0.02 0.01 0.5
T911 K91061 0.09–0.13 0.30–0.60 0.02 0.01 0.10–0.50
Grade UNS Designation Vana- Boron Niobium Nitrogen Aluminum Tungsten
dium
T2 K11547
T5 K41545
T5b K51545
T5c K41245
T9 K90941
T11 K11597
T12 K11562
T17 K12047 0.15
T21 K31545
T22 K21590
T23 K40712 0.20–0.30 0.0010–0.006 0.02–0.08 0.015 0.03 1.45–1.75
T24 K30736 0.20–0.30 0.0015–0.007 0.012 0.02
T36 K21001 0.02 0.015–0.045 0.02 0.05
T91 K90901 0.18–0.25 0.06–0.10 0.030–0.07 0.02
T92 K92460 0.15–0.25 0.001–0.006 0.04–0.09 0.030–0.07 0.02 1.5–2.00
T122 K91271 0.15–0.30 0.0005–0.005 0.04–0.10 0.040– 0.02 1.50–2.50
T911 K91061 0.18–0.25 0.0003–0.006 0.06–0.10 0.040–0.09 0.02 0.90–1.10

Mechanical properties

Grade Tensile strength Yield point(Mpa) Elongation(%) Impact(J) Hardness
(Mpa) not less than not less than not less than not less than
A213 T2/SA213 T2 ≥415 205 85HRB
A213 T11/SA213 T11 ≥415 205 85HRB
A213 T22/SA213 T22 ≥415 205 85HRB
A213 T23/SA213 T23 ≥510 400 20 97HRB
A213 T24/SA213 T24 ≥585 415 20 25HRB
A213 T91/SA213 T91 ≥585 415 20 25HRB
A213 T911/SA213 T911 ≥620 440 20 25HRB
A213 T22/SA213 T92 ≥620 440 20 25HRB
A213 T122/SA213 T122 ≥620 400 20 25HRB
TP304H ≥515 205 35 90HRB
TP316H ≥515 205 35 90HRB
TP321H ≥515 205 35 90HRB
TP347H ≥515 205 35 90HRB
S30432 ≥590 235 35 95HRB
TP310HCbN ≥655 295 30 100HRB

Note:
A Maximum, unless range or minimum is indicated. Where ellipses (…) appear in this table, there is no requirement, and analysis for the element need not be determined or reported.
B It is permissible to order T2 and T12 with a sulfur content of 0.045 max. See 16.3.
C Alternatively, in lieu of this ratio minimum, the material shall have a minimum hardness of 275 HV in the hardened condition, defined as after austenitizing and cooling to room temperature but prior to tempering.
Hardness test frequency shall be two samples of product per heat treatment lot and the hardness testing results shall be reported on the material test report.

ASTM A213 Stainless Steel Tubing Specification
ASTM A213 standard is a common used specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Super heater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes, offering manufacture and purchasing requirements for manufactures and users, main information contain grade, size, finishes, test and other terms, the equivalent standard is ASME SA213.

ASTM A213 Ferritic And Austenitic Alloy–Steel Material Grades
ASTM A213 Specification covers material containing alloy steels, Ferritic and Austenitic steels, Austenitic stainless steel is the most used group due to their properties, common designated grades are listed, in table 1 for chemical composition, table 2 for mechanical properties and solution temperature.

Chemical composition %

Grade C Si Mn Cr Ni Mo S P
TP304 0,08 1,0 2 18 – 20 8 – 11 0,03 0,045
TP304L 0,035 1,0 2 18 – 20 8 – 12 0,03 0,045
TP316 0,08 1,0 2 16 – 18 11 – 14 2 – 3 0,03 0,045
TP316L 0,035 1,0 2 16 – 18 10 – 14 2 – 3 0,03 0,045
TP321 0,08 1,0 2 17 – 19 9 – 12 0,03 0,045

Mechanical properties and solution temperature (Min, degree centigrade).

Grade Tensile Strength(Mpa) Yield Point(Mpa) Elongation(%) Hardness(HRB) Solution Temperature
TP304 515 205 35 90 1040
TP304L 485 170 35 90 1040
TP316 515 205 35 90 1040
TP316L 485 170 35 90 1040
TP321 515 205 35 90 1040
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